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While looking for an open source technology to review, I came across WriteType, .an open source word processor geared towards school-age children. I work in special education in a middle school and all too often I hear students lament about having to type out assignments. WriteType through the combination of an accessible interface and valuable features, strives to be a word processor that students can readily use.
Let’s start by checking out the WriteType window, shown in the screenshot at left. As can be seen, the interface is WYSIWYG, offering a menu bar and the top of the window and simple toolbars below this. WriteType offers only the most common word processing features, such as text and paragraph formatting. Features can be quickly and easily utilized via either the menu or the toolbars. Simply put, everything a user needs is here. There are no tabs or complex menus offering features that can confuse new users and into which one could get lost . This functionality is further enhanced by context menus accessed by right-clicking on the text or area in question.
So, what makes WriteType ideal for students? The integration of certain tools takes much of the pain out of writing. One of these tools is word completion. As the screenshot on the right shows, as they type, users are presented with a list of suggested words in the gray field on the right-hand side of the screen. Simply click on the the desired word in the list, or press an indicated function key, and the complete word is inserted into the document. Another useful feature is the fact that WriteType can read back what users have typed, which will help them to catch mistakes prior to proofreading or printing.
If these features aren’t reason enough to give WriteType some serious consideration, other features include auto-correction and grammar checking. Users can also add words to the integrated spelling list. Text highlighting allows users to mark areas of text in need of attention. Distraction-free mode allows users to work without the added distraction of a menu and toolbars. Other customizations include adjusting read-back speed as well as changing the font size of the suggested word list. WriteType also offers multilingual support. WriteType can be readily customized further via the Settings option under the File menu. Documents can be saved in either the native WriteType format (.wtd), as formatted text (.html) or as plain text (.txt)
WriteType is available for Linux, Microsoft Windows and Apple MacOS. WriteType teacher workshops are available for free to schools in the Minneapolis area.
Documentation: a word processor to help students write. (n.d.). GNU General Public License.
Shinn, M. (2010). WriteType [computer software]. GNU General Public License.
If you’re a Web developer, you probably have invested in Adobe Dreamweaver, which is a powerful, proprietary Web development application. There are open source alternatives that you should consider. Why consider open source? The biggest reason is financial expense. For Dreamweaver alone, without additinal packaged software, the price is $249.00. The software that I address here is free. Another reason to give these programs a try is that each of these develpment tools is full-featured, providing everything you need, plus a few surprises.
Bluefish. Bluefish has been called a developer’s HTML editor. This is because, unlike the other two programs addressed here, users work entirely with code in an environment similar to a text editor. This may seem daunting to new-comers to Web design, but many developers feel that this gives you complete control over every element of your Web pages. Bluefish can be readily customized through several ways. Toolbars are divided by tabs, according to categories (Forms,Frames, CSS, etc.). The Quickbar is an empty toolbar to which users can add frequently used tools offered by other toolbars. A menu bar provides a ready alternative to the toolbars. Bluefish can be easily customized through Preferences, offered under the Edit menu. Customizations can be applied to appearance, default document formatting, output parsers and plugins as well as to many other aspects of Bluefish. The screenshot on the left gives a good look at a typical Bluefish session.
KompoZer. KompoZer is a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get; pronounced whi-zee-wig) Web authoring tool. In layman’s terms, this means that users can create Web pages graphically (typing, dragging and drppping, text formatting, etc.). KopoZer also allows users to work directly with the code. Furthermore, KompZer offers a split screen view that divides the work area into two panes. The top pane displays the current page in WYSIWYG mode, while the bottom pane displays the page in HTML/text mode. In addition to these interesting features, KompoZer offers everything a Web developer needs. Features can be accessed through a toolbar or menus. This includes customization. One neat feature is a tool that allows users to validate their code (HTML/XHTML) through a direct link to the World Wide Web Consortium’s Code Validation Service on the Internet. KompoZer is supported by Mozilla, the people behind such open source programs as the Firefox Web Browser and the Thunderbird email client. Check out the screenshot to the right for a look at KompZer in action.
BlueGriffon. BlueGriffon is a WYSIWYG Web authoring tool that allowing users to work in either a graphical environment or directly with code. This application, like KompoZer, is supported by Mozilla. BlueGriffon utilizes Mozilla’s Gecko rendering engine, which is used by Firefox to display Web pages. This means that Web pages created and viewed in BlueGriffon will appear the same in Mozilla Firefox as they do when previewed in BlueGriffon, regardless of the operating system being used. BlueGriffon has all of the features you would expect to find in a Web authoring program. Customization is easily handled through the Preferences option under the Edit menu. There are also a variety of add-ons offered on the BlueGriffon home page to enhance functionality. These include a user’s manual, a CSS editor and an integrated FTP client. The screenshot at left shows BlueGriffon being used to edit a page in text mode (thanks to the people at BlueGriffon for use of this screenshot).
In closing, I just want to say that technology does not always have to be expensive and that just because you have not heard of an application, doesn’t mean that it won’t work for you. There are other open source Web development programs out there, so if you find that these don’t meet your needs, I encourage you to do a little research and find something that will. A little time and effort can save you money and possibly result in finding an application that will make you wonder how you managed without it.
BlueGriffon [computer software]. (2010). GNU General Public License.
KompoZer [computer software]. (2010). GNU General Public License.
Sessink, O. et al. (2010). Bluefish [computer software]. GNU General Public License.
GIMP is a very powerful, feature-rich and versatile image creation and editing tool. Better still, it’s open source. Users can do everything from simple photo enhancement to creating lively, eye-catching graphics. Among the tools built into GIMP are a wide variety of brushes, special effects for customization and support for layers. Web masters can even use GIMP to create image maps. In short, GIMP has every feature you would expect to find in a modern image editing application.
If you’re looking for a full-featured spreadsheet application that is light on system resources, you should take a look at Gnumeric. Gnumeric is an open source electronic spreadsheet program that is free, fast, light and stable. Users will find all of the tools one would expect to find in a spreadsheet -a sum tool, statistical analysis, cell formatting and graph/chart generation and insertion. These are just a few of the useful tools available. So check out Gnumeric and find your next spreadsheet application.
It’s summertime again (at least in the northern hemisphere). You’ll no doubt be taking lots of photos to cpature some memories. If you want a cutting-edge application to edit your photos, you need look no further than GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program). GIMP is a powerful and versatile open source application for creating and editing images. GIMP is every bit as feature-rich as Adobe PhotoShop, but at none of the financial expense. So why pay big bucks to modify your summer photos, when a viable alternative is so readily available?
If you’re concerned about Microsoft Internet Explorer’s vulnerabilities, I’d recommend that you try an open source alternative, such as Mozilla Firefox, Mozila Seamonkey or Chromium Web Browser. Open source Web browsers are stable, secure and just as user-friendly as Internet Explorer. Best of all, they’re free to download, use and share, so check out an open source Web browser. It might just change your Web surfuring experience.
GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a versatile and feature-rich image creation and editing application. Chris WHittum, the author of Energize Education through Open Source: Using Open Sorce Software to Enhance Learning, used GIMP to create the eye-catching logo below.
Mozilla Firefox is probably the best-known piece of open source software. It’s stable, secure and lightweight. Firefox can be readily customized in a number of ways and supports tabbed browsing.
Make a New Year’s resolution that you can stick to. Save yourself hundreds of dollars by switching to LibreOffice, OpenOffice.org or any other open source productivity suite rather than upgrading your current proprietary software. You can then use the money saved to take your significant other out on the town. You can both thank me later.