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    OLPC (One Laptop Per Child)

    The author learned about OLPC while working on the latter stages of this book.  This organization seeks to provide inexpensive (in terms of construction cost and energy use) laptops worldwide to students from 6-12 years of age.  They focus on five core principles.  The first is child ownership.  The child owns the laptop.  Students have possession of these laptops outside of school, so that learning and teaching can take place anywhere (laptops can unitize solar power as well as a battery).  .  Ownership includes protecting, maintaining and sharing this learning tool.  This ownership develops a sense of responsibility.

    The second principle is that of low age.  As stated above, the age range is from 6 to 12 years, children in elementary school.  Learners of other ages are not excluded however.  There is a strong focus on fun as the basis of learning.  Applications are included the facilitate the acquisition of  new skills, such as reading and writing.  There is an annual assessment of student performance.  This assessment is portfolio-based and provides learners with the opportunity to exhibit their growth as learners.

    The third principle is saturation.  OLPC is dedicated to providing laptops to children in Third World nations.  Their goal is to achieve a level of “digital saturation” that is best for a given area.  This would mean that every student and teacher in a given area would have a laptop.  Furthermore, digital saturation would lead to a community focus on education.  Students and teachers would receive support from individuals, groups and institutions around them.  This, in turn, leads to better connectivity within the community.

    The fourth principle is connection.  Laptops provided by OLPC are provided with a wireless network connection that can be accessed from anywhere within the community.  Thus, learners will have Internet access at home, just as they do at school.  This connection is automatic and includes a chat application as well as network and Internet access .  Students can always be in touch with teachers, friends and peers to share work, art or ideas.  OLPC seeks to create an expanded school, which extends beyond physical walls.

    The fifth principal OLPC (and the principle that led to their inclusion in this book) is that of free and open source tools.  OLPC firmly believes that learning is a collaborative process that involves students working as both learners and teachers.  This generates a learning community in which new ideas are developed.  Towards this end, there are no restrictions regarding the modification of OLPC software and hardware.  There are also no restrictions on the redistribution of said hardware and software.  This organization provides a wonderful opportunity for the deployment of educational technology now in regions of the world where it was heretofore believed to be a goal of the future.

    Table of Contents (as of 25 April 2013)

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 10
    INTRODUCTION: WHY USE OPEN SOURCE? 11
    CHAPTER ONE: LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM 13
    Part 1: Linux Distributions 13
    Section 1: Edubuntu Linux 14
    Section 2: UberStudent Linux 14
    Part 2: Linux System Administration 15
    Section 1: Linux/UNIX File Structure 16
    Section 2: Your Home Folder 17
    Section 3: System Settings 19
    Section 4: The Synaptic Package Manager 20
    Section 5: Step-by-step Package Installation and Removal 21
    Section 6: User Account Management 22
    Part 3: System Security 23
    Section 1: Anti-Virus for Linux 24
    Section 2: The Update Manager 25
    Part 4: Linux to the Rescue 26
    Section 1: DOS/FAT16/FAT32 26
    Section 2: NTFS 29
    Part 5: Emulating Microsoft Windows 30
    Online Resources 31
    Documentation 31
    Distributions 31
    Other Education-focused Linux Distributions 32
    Utilities 32
    Microsoft Windows Emulators 32
    Anti-Virus 33
    Forums 33
    References 35
    CHAPTER 2: CURRICULUM 37
    Part 1: Language Arts 37
    Section 1: Vocabulary 37
    Primary 37
    Primary/Intermediate 37
    Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondar4y 37
    Section 2: Writing 38
    Primary/Intermediate 39
    Part 2: Mathematics 39
    Section 1: Numbers and Relationships 39
    Primary 39
    Primary/Intermediate 40
    Section 2: Geometry 40
    Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 41
    Secondary/Post-Secondary 41
    Section 3: Algebra 42
    Secondary/Post-Secondary 42
    Section 4: Logic 43
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 43
    Secondary/Post-Secondary 44
    Section 5: Computer Programming 44
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 44
    Part 3: Science 47
    Section 1: Biology 47
    Secondary/Post-Secondary 47
    Section 2: Chemistry 47
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 47
    Section 3: Earth/Space Sciences 49
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 49
    Section 4: Physical Science 50
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary 51
    Part 4: Social Studies 51
    Section 1: Geography 51
    Intermediate/Secondary 51
    Section 2: History 52
    Intermediate/Secondary 53
    Section 3: Economics 53
    Intermediate/Secondary 53
    Part 5: The Arts 53
    Section 1: Graphic Design 53
    Section 2: Multimedia 55
    Part 6: Bible Studies 57
    Online Resources 60
    Language Arts 60
    Mathematics 60
    Science 62
    Social Studies 63
    Arts 63
    Bible Studies 64
    References 65
    CHAPTER 3: PRODUCTIVITY 69
    Part 1: LibreOffice 69
    Section 1: LibreOffice Writer 70
    Section 2: LibreOffice Calc 71
    Section 3: LibreOffice Impress 71
    Section 4: LibreOffice Base 72
    Section 5: LibreOffice Draw 72
    Part 2: Internet and Communication 72
    Section 1: Web Browsers 73
    Section 2: Email Programs 74
    Section 3: Chat Clients 75
    Section 4: FTP Software 76
    Section 5: BitTorrent 77
    Section 6: Web Development 78
    Section 7: Blogging 79
    Online Resources 81
    Office Suites 81
    Web Browsers 81
    Email Programs 81
    Chat 82
    FTP Software 82
    BitTorrent 82
    Web Development 82
    References 84
    CHAPTER 4: AIDS TO LEARNING 87
    Part 1: Special Education 87
    Section 1: Individualized Education Plan (IEP) 87
    Part 2: Learning Environments 87
    Part 3: Skill Builders 90
    Section 1: Typing TutorsKeyboarding 90
    Section 2: Occupational Therapy 91
    Part 4: Graphic Organizers 93
    Section 1 Mind Maps 94
    Online Resources 97
    Special Education 97
    Educational Environments 97
    Skill Builders 97
    Occupational Therapy 98
    Graphic Organizers 98
    References 99
    CHAPTER 5: GETTING ORGANIZED 101
    Part 1: Curriculum Planning 101
    Part 3: Library Management 104
    Online Resources 107
    Curriculum Planning 107
    Organization Tools 107
    Library Management 107
    References 108
    APPENDIX A: THE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE 109
    APPENDIX B: LINUX ON A BUDGET 131
    Part 1: Window Managers 131
    Part 2: Thin Clients 134
    Part 3: OLPC (One Laptop Per Child) 135
    Online Resources 137
    Window Managers 137
    Thin Client Software 137
    Open Source Hardware 137
    References 139
    APPENDIX C: PLAYING DVDS IN LINUX 140
    References 143
    INDEX 144