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Monthly Archives: March 2013

Table of Contents (as of 3 March 2013)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS    9
INTRODUCTION: WHY USE OPEN SOURCE?    10
CHAPTER ONE: LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM    12
Part 1: Linux Distributions    12
Section 1: Edubuntu Linux    13
Section 2: UberStudent Linux    14
Part 2: Linux System Administration    15
Section 1: Linux/UNIX File Structure    15
Section 2: Your Home Folder    17
Section 3: System Settings    19
Section 4: The Synaptic Package Manager    19
Section 5: Step-by-step Package Installation and Removal    21
Section 6: User Account Management    22
Part 3: System Security    23
Section 1: Anti-Virus for Linux    23
Section 2: The Update Manager    24
Part 4: Linux to the Rescue    25
Section 1: DOS/FAT16/FAT32    26
Section 2: NTFS    29
Online Resources    30
Documentation    30
Distributions    30
Other Education-focused Linux Distributions    31
Utilities    31
Anti-Virus    31
Forums    31
Linux Forums    32
General Hardware and Software Forums    32
References    33
CHAPTER 2: CURRICULUM    35
Part 1: Language Arts    35
Section 1: Vocabulary    35
Primary    35
Primary/Intermediate    35
Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondar4y    36
Section 2: Writing    37
Primary/Intermediate    38
Part 2: Mathematics    38
Section 1: Numbers and Relationships    38
Primary    38
Primary/Intermediate    39
Section 2: Geometry    40
Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    40
Secondary/Post-Secondary    41
Section 3: Algebra    41
Secondary/Post-Secondary    42
Section 4: Logic    43
Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    43
Secondary/Post-Secondary    44
Section 5: Computer Programming    45
Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    45
Part 3: Science    48
Section 1: Biology    48
Secondary/Post-Secondary    48
Section 2: Chemistry    48
Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    49
Section 3: Earth/Space Sciences    51
Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    51
Section 4: Physical Science    52
Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    52
Part 4: Social Studies    53
Section 1: Geography    53
Intermediate/Secondary    53
Section 2: History    55
Intermediate/Secondary    55
Section 3: Economics    55
Intermediate/Secondary    55
Part 5: The Arts    56
Section 1: Graphic Design    56
Section 2: Multimedia    58
Part 6: Bible Studies    60
Online Resources    63
Language Arts    63
Mathematics    63
Science    65
Social Studies    66
Arts    66
Bible Studies    67
References    68
CHAPTER 3: PRODUCTIVITY    72
Part 1: LibreOffice    72
Section 1: LibreOffice Writer    73
Section 3: LibreOffice Impress    75
Section 4: LibreOffice Base    75
Section 5: LibreOffice Draw    76
Part 2: Internet and Communication    77
Section 1: Web Browsers    77
Section 2: Email Programs    79
Section 3: Chat Clients    81
Section 4: FTP Software    82
Section 5: BitTorrent    83
Section 6: Web Development    85
Section 7: Blogging    86
Online Resources    88
Office Suites    88
Web Browsers    88
Email Programs    88
Chat    89
FTP Software    89
BitTorrent    89
Web Development    89
References    91
CHAPTER 4: AIDS TO LEARNING    94
Part 1: Special Education    94
Section 1: Individualized Education Plan (IEP)    94
Part 2: Learning Environments    94
Part 3: Skill Builders    98
Section 1: Typing Tutors    98
Section 2: Occupational Therapy    99
Part 4: Graphic Organizers    101
Section 1 Mind Maps    101
Online Resources    104
Special Education    104
Educational Environments    104
Skill Builders    104
Occupational Therapy    105
Graphic Organizers    105
References    106
CHAPTER 5: GETTING ORGANIZED    108
Part 1: Curriculum Planning    108
Part 3: Library Management    112
Online Resources    115
Curriculum Planning    115
Organization Tools    115
Library Management    115
References    116
APPENDIX A: THE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE    117
APPENDIX B: LINUX ON A BUDGET    139
Part 1: Window Managers    139
Part 2: Hardware    143
APPENDIX C:  PLAYING DVDS IN LINUX    145
INDEX    147

Mind Maps: Labyrinth

Labyrinth.  Of the three mind mapping tools discussed here, Labyrinth is by far the easiest to use.  Labyrinth opens in a main window and clicking the New button opens another window in which a mind map can be created.  The interface is very simple, making it ideal for younger or less experienced users.  The menu at the top of the screen is concise (File, Edit and Mode).
File allows for importing and exporting mind-maps}.  Edit provides options for altering mind map components.  Mode allows users to toggle between Edit mode and Drawing mode, as well as to add images and to zoom in and out.  The Mode menu items are also available on a toolbar just below the menu.  There is a toolbar at the bottom of the window, below the canvas, that lets users format fonts as well as change colors of both fonts and nodes.
Edit mode allows users to add text boxes wherever they click within the canvas.  Alternatively, Draw mode allows users to add nodes with hand (mouse) drawn images.  Once a main node has been created, child nodes are added with a click.  To add nodes to a child node, click on the node to select it and then click in the area where the new child node should be.  Nodes can be moved easily by clicking and dragging them to a desired location.  Figure 4.9 shows Labyrinth in all its glory. (LW)

Figure 4.9: Could Labyrinth be so easy to use that a even child could use it? Probably.
Figure 4.9: Could Labyrinth be so easy to use that a even child could use it? Probably.

UberStudent Linux

UberStudent, like Edubuntu, is based on Ubuntu. It is targeted towards advanced secondary and post-secondary students and educators. UberStudent can be readily modified to meet the requirements of specific academic disciplines. Another strength is that UberStudent can be installed on thin-clients as well personal computers and laptops. Easy customization is still yet another attribute of UberStudent has to offer.

UberStudent is highly integrated with the Web. Many of the links in the main menu lead directly to online applications. For example, Prezi is an online presentation program, and KnightCite is an online service that provides users with proper citation for a given work. There are also several self-management tools to help students get organized. These include tools for managing time, finances and even social networking. Additionally, applications for productive studying are included, such as a flashcard generator and KeepNote, a note-taking and organization program.
UberStudent is available in two editions: a regular edition that runs on state-of-the-art computers and a lightweight version that runs on older computers. These are distinguished by the graphic user interfaces (GUI (pronounced “goo-ee”)), GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) for the regular UberStudent and LXDE (Lightweight X Desktop Environment) for the lightweight version. Finally, online training courses are available through UberStudent‘s web site.

UberStudent Linux
UberStudent Linux under Lightweight X Desktop Environment

Edubuntu Linux

Edubuntu Linux is a variation of Ubuntu Linux.  Ubuntu Linux, in turn, is based on Debian Linux.  Debian Linux is well known for its software packaging system.  The term package refers to applications or programs, how they are stored and how they are installed.  Different Linux distributions employ different packaging systems and each packaging system is unique.  The Debian Linux software packaging system provides access to thousands of applications that can be easily installed from either a terminal (also known as a command line or shell) or a graphic environment.  Furthermore, the Debian Linux software packaging system also takes dependencies into consideration and automatically installs programs that other programs require to run properly.
This packaging system is one of the reasons that the people at Ubuntu chose to use Debian Linux as a basis for Ubuntu, Edubuntu and the other Ubuntu variations (Kubuntu, Xubuntu and Lubuntu, respectively (the latter two run better on older computers)).  Edubuntu has a greater focus on education than its kindred distributions and therefore incorporates a variety of applications to enhance learning and to aid teachers.  A majority of the programs are targeted towards teachers and learners at the primary level.  Edubuntu contains many applications that students can use to enhance learning or even learn on their own.  Educators can use these same programs to assess student learning.  Other programs are designed to build students’ skills in a variety of areas.  Some applications enhance productivity.  There are a few that are included purely for amusement.

Edubuntu Linux
The Edubuntu Linux desktop.