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    Copyright 2013 Christopher D. Whittum, M.Ed.

    Table of Contents (as of 3 March 2013)

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS    9
    INTRODUCTION: WHY USE OPEN SOURCE?    10
    CHAPTER ONE: LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM    12
    Part 1: Linux Distributions    12
    Section 1: Edubuntu Linux    13
    Section 2: UberStudent Linux    14
    Part 2: Linux System Administration    15
    Section 1: Linux/UNIX File Structure    15
    Section 2: Your Home Folder    17
    Section 3: System Settings    19
    Section 4: The Synaptic Package Manager    19
    Section 5: Step-by-step Package Installation and Removal    21
    Section 6: User Account Management    22
    Part 3: System Security    23
    Section 1: Anti-Virus for Linux    23
    Section 2: The Update Manager    24
    Part 4: Linux to the Rescue    25
    Section 1: DOS/FAT16/FAT32    26
    Section 2: NTFS    29
    Online Resources    30
    Documentation    30
    Distributions    30
    Other Education-focused Linux Distributions    31
    Utilities    31
    Anti-Virus    31
    Forums    31
    Linux Forums    32
    General Hardware and Software Forums    32
    References    33
    CHAPTER 2: CURRICULUM    35
    Part 1: Language Arts    35
    Section 1: Vocabulary    35
    Primary    35
    Primary/Intermediate    35
    Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondar4y    36
    Section 2: Writing    37
    Primary/Intermediate    38
    Part 2: Mathematics    38
    Section 1: Numbers and Relationships    38
    Primary    38
    Primary/Intermediate    39
    Section 2: Geometry    40
    Primary/Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    40
    Secondary/Post-Secondary    41
    Section 3: Algebra    41
    Secondary/Post-Secondary    42
    Section 4: Logic    43
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    43
    Secondary/Post-Secondary    44
    Section 5: Computer Programming    45
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    45
    Part 3: Science    48
    Section 1: Biology    48
    Secondary/Post-Secondary    48
    Section 2: Chemistry    48
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    49
    Section 3: Earth/Space Sciences    51
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    51
    Section 4: Physical Science    52
    Intermediate/Secondary/Post-Secondary    52
    Part 4: Social Studies    53
    Section 1: Geography    53
    Intermediate/Secondary    53
    Section 2: History    55
    Intermediate/Secondary    55
    Section 3: Economics    55
    Intermediate/Secondary    55
    Part 5: The Arts    56
    Section 1: Graphic Design    56
    Section 2: Multimedia    58
    Part 6: Bible Studies    60
    Online Resources    63
    Language Arts    63
    Mathematics    63
    Science    65
    Social Studies    66
    Arts    66
    Bible Studies    67
    References    68
    CHAPTER 3: PRODUCTIVITY    72
    Part 1: LibreOffice    72
    Section 1: LibreOffice Writer    73
    Section 3: LibreOffice Impress    75
    Section 4: LibreOffice Base    75
    Section 5: LibreOffice Draw    76
    Part 2: Internet and Communication    77
    Section 1: Web Browsers    77
    Section 2: Email Programs    79
    Section 3: Chat Clients    81
    Section 4: FTP Software    82
    Section 5: BitTorrent    83
    Section 6: Web Development    85
    Section 7: Blogging    86
    Online Resources    88
    Office Suites    88
    Web Browsers    88
    Email Programs    88
    Chat    89
    FTP Software    89
    BitTorrent    89
    Web Development    89
    References    91
    CHAPTER 4: AIDS TO LEARNING    94
    Part 1: Special Education    94
    Section 1: Individualized Education Plan (IEP)    94
    Part 2: Learning Environments    94
    Part 3: Skill Builders    98
    Section 1: Typing Tutors    98
    Section 2: Occupational Therapy    99
    Part 4: Graphic Organizers    101
    Section 1 Mind Maps    101
    Online Resources    104
    Special Education    104
    Educational Environments    104
    Skill Builders    104
    Occupational Therapy    105
    Graphic Organizers    105
    References    106
    CHAPTER 5: GETTING ORGANIZED    108
    Part 1: Curriculum Planning    108
    Part 3: Library Management    112
    Online Resources    115
    Curriculum Planning    115
    Organization Tools    115
    Library Management    115
    References    116
    APPENDIX A: THE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE    117
    APPENDIX B: LINUX ON A BUDGET    139
    Part 1: Window Managers    139
    Part 2: Hardware    143
    APPENDIX C:  PLAYING DVDS IN LINUX    145
    INDEX    147

    Mind Maps: Labyrinth

    Labyrinth.  Of the three mind mapping tools discussed here, Labyrinth is by far the easiest to use.  Labyrinth opens in a main window and clicking the New button opens another window in which a mind map can be created.  The interface is very simple, making it ideal for younger or less experienced users.  The menu at the top of the screen is concise (File, Edit and Mode).
    File allows for importing and exporting mind-maps}.  Edit provides options for altering mind map components.  Mode allows users to toggle between Edit mode and Drawing mode, as well as to add images and to zoom in and out.  The Mode menu items are also available on a toolbar just below the menu.  There is a toolbar at the bottom of the window, below the canvas, that lets users format fonts as well as change colors of both fonts and nodes.
    Edit mode allows users to add text boxes wherever they click within the canvas.  Alternatively, Draw mode allows users to add nodes with hand (mouse) drawn images.  Once a main node has been created, child nodes are added with a click.  To add nodes to a child node, click on the node to select it and then click in the area where the new child node should be.  Nodes can be moved easily by clicking and dragging them to a desired location.  Figure 4.9 shows Labyrinth in all its glory. (LW)

    Figure 4.9: Could Labyrinth be so easy to use that a even child could use it? Probably.
    Figure 4.9: Could Labyrinth be so easy to use that a even child could use it? Probably.

    UberStudent Linux

    UberStudent, like Edubuntu, is based on Ubuntu. It is targeted towards advanced secondary and post-secondary students and educators. UberStudent can be readily modified to meet the requirements of specific academic disciplines. Another strength is that UberStudent can be installed on thin-clients as well personal computers and laptops. Easy customization is still yet another attribute of UberStudent has to offer.

    UberStudent is highly integrated with the Web. Many of the links in the main menu lead directly to online applications. For example, Prezi is an online presentation program, and KnightCite is an online service that provides users with proper citation for a given work. There are also several self-management tools to help students get organized. These include tools for managing time, finances and even social networking. Additionally, applications for productive studying are included, such as a flashcard generator and KeepNote, a note-taking and organization program.
    UberStudent is available in two editions: a regular edition that runs on state-of-the-art computers and a lightweight version that runs on older computers. These are distinguished by the graphic user interfaces (GUI (pronounced “goo-ee”)), GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) for the regular UberStudent and LXDE (Lightweight X Desktop Environment) for the lightweight version. Finally, online training courses are available through UberStudent‘s web site.

    UberStudent Linux
    UberStudent Linux under Lightweight X Desktop Environment

    Edubuntu Linux

    Edubuntu Linux is a variation of Ubuntu Linux.  Ubuntu Linux, in turn, is based on Debian Linux.  Debian Linux is well known for its software packaging system.  The term package refers to applications or programs, how they are stored and how they are installed.  Different Linux distributions employ different packaging systems and each packaging system is unique.  The Debian Linux software packaging system provides access to thousands of applications that can be easily installed from either a terminal (also known as a command line or shell) or a graphic environment.  Furthermore, the Debian Linux software packaging system also takes dependencies into consideration and automatically installs programs that other programs require to run properly.
    This packaging system is one of the reasons that the people at Ubuntu chose to use Debian Linux as a basis for Ubuntu, Edubuntu and the other Ubuntu variations (Kubuntu, Xubuntu and Lubuntu, respectively (the latter two run better on older computers)).  Edubuntu has a greater focus on education than its kindred distributions and therefore incorporates a variety of applications to enhance learning and to aid teachers.  A majority of the programs are targeted towards teachers and learners at the primary level.  Edubuntu contains many applications that students can use to enhance learning or even learn on their own.  Educators can use these same programs to assess student learning.  Other programs are designed to build students’ skills in a variety of areas.  Some applications enhance productivity.  There are a few that are included purely for amusement.

    Edubuntu Linux
    The Edubuntu Linux desktop.